100 Romanian Design Objects
“Fram” Refrigerator – sign and brochure
Category: Domestic and electronic appliances
Production Period: 1961-1974
Produced at: Mechanical Factory Sadu, Bumbesti Jiu, Gorj
Other models: “Pinguin”, “Arctic”
Materials: Plastic, Metal
In 1939, through royal decree, Romanian authorities have decided to move the Armies Pyrotechnic department from Bucharest to Sandu, in order to better secure the infantries’ ammunition manufacturing. The process has continued well after the Second World War, this time under Soviet licence. During the second half of the 50’s, funding was approved for making electrical equipment for Swedish train engines, which were to be built at the ‘Electroputere’ factory in Craiova, but also for producing household appliances. After 1989, the factory entered a period of restructuring, while the product line diversified through specific NATO regulation.
The production of a new type of refrigerator started in 1959. It was the ‘Pinguin 100’, a brand new model improved one year later and sold in 1961 under the name ‘FRAM 70L’ and FRAM 110L’. It had a capacity of 70l and 100l, respectively, and weighed 87 kg. The manufacturing of ‘FRAM 22’ followed in the 70’s, a new model which would fit in the trunk of your ‘Dacia 1300’. Between 1961 and 1965, the factory’s main manufacturing output was refrigerators which comprised of more than 50% of the whole production.
Photo: Cristian Vasile