100 Romanian Design Objects
”King Ferdinand” – Steam Engine 50.243
Category: Auto and Transportation Design
Production period: 1926
Produced at: S.C ”Faur” S.A / „Malaxa Factories” , Bucharest
Other models: Locomotive 151.001, Locomotive 50.243
Nicolae Malaxa was a Romanian engineer and entrepreneur, one of the most important industrialists of the interwar Romania. On the 3rd of August 1921, on a land located on the outskirts of Bucharest, Nicolae Malaxa set up a workshop for the production of rolling devices. He then builds a factory near Titan train station, between 1923-1927. Four years later, he signs a contract with the Romanian Railways for the production of locomotives after a Romanian concept. In 1928, less than a year later, the factory is operational, sending out in the world the first steam locomotive bearing the name of the Romanian builder. Between 1948 and 1989, it operates under the name “23 August Plants” and since 1990 the company name is “FAUR” S.A
In 1926 the steam locomotive “Malaxa 50.243” was produced in Reșița. The locomotive, called “King Ferdinand”, was the first of its kind built in Romania during the interwar period. Thanks to the success of the locomotive construction in Reşiţa and Malaxa, between 1926 and 1960, in Romania, 10 types of steam locomotives were built – a total of 1,207 items.
Photo: artmark.ro