100 Romanian Design Objects
Military Compass
Category: Engineering Design
Period of production: 1956
Produced at: “Romanian Optical Enterprise” I.O.R., București
Materials: Metal, rotating dial, leather strap
I.O.R was founded in 1936, being the only Romanian company with a tradition in designing opto-mechanical equipment. In 1941, it is militarized and focuses mainly on army products – binoculars, telescopes, telemeters, etc. After 1949 the first spectacle lenses were produced, in 1951 the first educational microscope , and in 1954 the first camera. After 1959, more attention is given to the medical field and the first products for ophthalmology appear, as is the production of cinema projection equipment. In 1960, I.O.R. produces the first binocular laboratory microscope, in 1961 the first dental unit, in 1962 the first research microscope, and in 1967 begins to produce photo lenses, collaborating with companies such as Fog, Pentacon, and later with Leitz, Carl Zeiss and Schneider.
The military compass made by I.O.R. is a tool for determining cardinal points, indicating the magnetic North Pole and the South Pole. It has a graduated rotating dial and leather strap for easier use.
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Photo: Cristian Vasile