100 Romanian Design Objects
”Optior” Camera
Category: Engineering Design
Period of production:1954 – 1965
Produced at: “Romanian Optical Enterprise” I.O.R., București
Alte Modele: “Orizont”, “Orizont 3”, “Orizont Amator”
Materials: Metal housing, glass lenses, belt and leather pouch
I.O.R was founded in 1936, being the only Romanian company with a tradition in designing opto-mechanical equipment. In 1941, it is militarized and focuses mainly on army products – binoculars, telescopes, telemeters, etc. After 1949 the first spectacle lenses were produced, in 1951 the first educational microscope , and in 1954 the first camera. After 1959, more attention is given to the medical field and the first products for ophthalmology appear, as is the production of cinema projection equipment. In 1960, I.O.R. produces the first binocular laboratory microscope, in 1961 the first dental unit, in 1962 the first research microscope, and in 1967 begins to produce photo lenses.
The first and only 100% Romanian cameras were launched by the Romanian Optical Company in 1954. The first model was called “Optior”, a 6cm film camera with a 4/6 format. In 1960, another camera was launched, called “Orizont”, which was the first model of the “Orizont” family of cameras.
Photo: Cristian Vasile